A stomach becomes hyperacidic if, for some reason or another, the secretion of gastric acid is higher than normal. In this case, the stomach pH is always extremely low and a lot of gastric acid is secreted.
Risks associated with a hyperacidic stomach
Excessive secretion of gastric acid is a risk especially if it is associated with gastro-oesophageal reflux discomfort, i.e. when the stomach contents come back up into the oesophagus and mouth. Unlike that of the stomach, the mucous membrane of the oesophagus is not resistant to acids. Therefore, the rising of the hyperacidic stomach contents into the oesophagus may cause severe damage.
Hyperacidic stomach symptoms
A hyperacidic stomach usually causes symptoms only if it is also associated with gastro-oesophageal reflux discomfort. In this case, the contents of the highly acidic stomach rises to the oesophagus, thus causing heartburn (oesophageal burning). Symptoms often worsen when certain types of food are ingested and during sleep as lying down makes it easier for the stomach contents to rise into the oesophagus.
Hyperacidic stomachs predispose individuals to peptic ulceration and, if combined with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, to damage of the mucous membrane of the oesophagus.